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Last updated: 6/23/2019
Home / Gallery Tour 1 / Käthe Kollwitz and German Expressionism / Gallery Tour 2 / Artists

Otto Greiner (German, 1869-1916)

German Expressionism: Survey I / Survey II / Survey III

""Käthe Kollwitz and German Expressionism" featured over fifty works by Käthe Kollwitz plus additional works by Ernst Barlach, Rudolf Bauer, Max Beckmann, Peter Behrens, Heinrich Campendonck, Marc Chagall, Lovis Corinth, Otto Dix, Lyonel Feininger,
Conrad Felixmuller, Hans Fronius, Alfons Graber, Otto Greiner, Georg Grosz, Erich Heckel, Hannah Hoch, Karl Hofer,
Wassily Kandinsky, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Paul Klee, Oskar Kokoschka, Ludwig Meidner, Edvard Munch,
Gabrielle Munter, Heinrich Nauen, Emile Nolde, Max Pechstein, Hilla von Rebay, Georges Rouault, Rudolf Schlichter,
Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Siegfried Schott, Georg Tappert, Wilhelm Wagner, and others.

German Expressionist Drawings

The Russians: Chagall, Sonia Delaunay, Goncharova, Larionov, and Malevich
Greiner studied in Leipzig, where he trained in lithography and etching, and Munich, where he attended the Akademie der Bildenden Kunst. He went to Rome in 1891, where he became friendly with Max Klinger, also one of Kathe Kollwitz' inspirations. Greiner returned to Germany and worked in Munich and Leipzig between 1892 and 1898, when he returned to Rome, where he used Klinger's former studio, and lived until 1915, when he was forced to return to Germany because Italy sided with France and England in World War I. According to Sepp Kern's entry in the Grove Dictionary of Art (13: 632), "The nude was central to his interests: like Klinger he saw it a the epitome of beauty in nature and believed that it should be the basis for all stylistic formation." Greiner made 112 paintings, the majority of them devoted to antique and fantastic subjects and portraiture. 75 of his drawings have sold at auction since 1987; a sanguine self-portrait reached a high of $34,000 at Sotheby's Munich in 1996. There is a study of his drawings in the Meister der Zeichnung (Masters of Drawings Series), by Hans W. Singer, Zeichnungen von Otto Greiner (Leipzig: Baumgärtner's Buchhandlung, 1912). A drawing very similar to ours, signed by Greiner and also dated "Sept 1896"is in the Kupferstich Kabinet in Dresden. See also Julius Vogel, Otto Greiner (Leipzig: Seemann, 1903) and Otto Greiner: Graphische Arbeiten in Lithographie, Stich und Radierung (Dresden, 1917).
Otto Greiner (German, 1869-1916), Nude studies. Watercolor and wash on wove paper, signed and dated 1896. A drawing very similar to ours, signed by Greiner and also dated "Sept 1896"is in the Kupferstich Kabinet in Dresden. See also Julius Vogel, Otto Greiner (Leipzig: Seemann, 1903). Image size: 446x305mm. Price: SOLD.
Otto Greiner (German, 1869-1916), Golgotha (Davis-Rifkind 848). Original lithograph on chine collé, 1896. Published in the deluxe art review Pan (vol. 2, n. 2), with the text "Otto Greiner, Golgotha, Originallithographie Pan II 2" printed lower left in the bottom margin. One of the thieves is already on his cross lower left; lower right, Death, with his scythe and cloak, accompanied by a female demon, watches and waits. In the middle of the print, Jesus, with his crown of thorns, is about to be nailed to his cross; in the rear, a crowd gathers to watch. Almost lost on the extreme left, almost invisible behind the first thief, a young man supports an older woman, presumably the Beloved Disciple and the Mother of Jesus. Image size: 201x255mm. Price: SOLD.

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